More on women in the Israeli Defense Force:
The Defense Service Law of 1959 defines and regulates the obligation of service in the Israel Defense Forces. According to the Law, all citizens and permanent residents of the State of Israel are required to perform military service. All women between the ages of 18 and 26, who are physically fit, unmarried, have not borne children, and have not objected on religious grounds or grounds of conscience must fulfill their military obligation.
Women currently perform compulsory military service in the IDF for a period of one year and nine months (as compared with 3 years service required of male conscripts).
Though women can serve in support and combat support roles in the IDF, they have, until recently, been prohibited from engaging in actual combat. This situation has changed following a recent Supreme Court ruling.
Following a recent Supreme Court ruling, which upheld the petition of a servicewoman (Alice Miller) to be allowed to apply for Flight School, the Defense Service Law was amended in 1995 to enable servicewomen to attend Flight School, and woman recruits to serve in units outside the IDF ORBAT (women may thus serve in the police force and in the border police in such roles as paramilitary border police in combat positions, border post inspectors, etc).
Israel Defense Force Photo
Over the course of the years, the number of military occupational specialties open to women in the IDF has expanded and today most military professions are open to women. Women have long served in technological positions, intelligence, operations and training. Likewise, women can be found servicing IDF computerized systems, working as computer programmers, smart weapons systems operators, electronics technicians, etc.
In February 1998 for the first time in its history, the IDF decided to allow women to cross into enemy territory while on military missions. The decision was reached by the Air Force and the IDF human resources branch and pertained specifically to airborne female physicians.
Israel Defense Force Photo
Source: Israel Defense Force
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