Sadly the history of women in the military is not taught in schools and colleges - women's studies programs ignore the "military-minded" woman - even though many of the battles in antiquity were led by women warriors. A few misconceptions are - either that we have always had women in service - or that they just appeared recently. For your edification here's the official dateline on U.S. military women. Until the 20th Century there was nothing official about women in uniform...they were not recognized until 1901. The women who served in other than nursing capacities in WWI were not considered an integral part of their respective services - even though 30,000 served in the Navy, Marines, Coast Guard and Nurse Corps.
2 February 1901 - The Army Nurse Corps
13 May 1908 - The Navy Nurse Corps
15 May 1942 - WAAC - Women's Army Auxiliary Corps
30 Juy 1942 - WAVES - Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service
23 Nov 1942 - SPARS - Coast Guard
14 Feb 1943 - Marine Corps Women's Reserve
1 Jul 1943 - WAC - Women's Army Corps
5 Aug 1943 - WASP - with no official status
16 April 1947 - Women's Medical Specialist Corps
12 June 1948 - Women's Armed Services Integration Act Enacted
16 Jun 1948 - WAF - Women in the Air Force
1 Jul 1949 - Air Force Nurse Corps
8 Nov 1967 - Women first became eligible for promotion to Admiral/General
11 Jun 1970 - First Women promoted to Brigadier (one star) General -Anna Mae Hays, Army Nurse Corps and Elizabeth Hoisington, WAC.
1 Jun 1973 - First woman promoted to Major (two star) General -Air Force General Jeanne M. Holm
7 October 1975 - Public Law 94-106 - Admitting Women to the Service Academies
1976-78 - Disestablishment of the WAF, WAC, WAVES, SPARS and Women Marines as separate entities - full integration of women into their respective services.
1 Sep 1979 - First African American female promoted to General - Hazel Johnson-Brown
27 May 1993 - The US Air Force opens all aircraft to women.
15 Feb 1994 - First Air Force woman completes combat pilot training.
5 Mar 1994 - U.S. Navy assigns first women aboard a combat ship - the U.S.S. Eisenhower
17 Jul 1996 - First woman promoted to 3 star rank -Vice Admiral Patricia Tracey
22 Mar 1996 - First woman assigned to guard the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier - Army Sgt Heather Johnson
22 Jul 1999 - First woman commanded a Space Shuttle - Col. Eileen Collins, USAF
2000 - The first woman pilot in the Air Force is promoted to Brigadier General and the first Coast Guard women are promoted to flag officer rank - Admiral - and the National Guard names it's first female Major General.
2001: The Army promoted the first woman to Brigadier General in the Judge Advocate General's Corps.
2002 - The Army National Guard promoted an African-American woman to the rank of Brigadier General.
2003 - Military women are performing combat roles on land, at sea and in the air in Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan and Operation Iraqui Freedom in Iraq.
Please note: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, this material is displayed without profit or payment for those who have expressed an interest in receiving this information for non-profit research and educational purposes only. Nothing on this site is for sale nor is it a commercial venture of any kind - it is a one person page for, and about military women - by one retired military woman. And is graciously hosted by Aug Link Communications - the finest ISP one could have.
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